A unique collaboration between UK stakeholders has resulted in the production of erucic acid management guidelines for growers of oilseed rape (OSR).
It follows reports by crushers of elevated (higher than expected) levels of the naturally occurring fatty acid in double-low OSR over the last three years.
Centred on five ‘risk points’, the guidelines highlight key actions a farmer can take to minimise the risk of rapeseed exceeding legal or contractual limits.
For rapeseed oil to be used in food products, erucic acid levels must, by law, not exceed 5 per cent. The current maximum level is set to 2 per cent in most contracts.
Simon Oxley, AHDB’s Head of Crop Production Systems, said: “Elevated levels of erucic acid in rapeseed destined for food and feed markets can result in costly rejections or deductions.
“Multiple factors are at play when it comes to crop contamination. Our guidelines highlight the key risk points that the farmer can control.”
The five risk points are:
1) Seed source: Farm-saved seed carries a risk as it can become contaminated with seed from volunteers. Erucic acid tests should be conducted on all seed sources before drilling
2) Pre-planting: After harvest, cultivations should be delayed (ideally, by at least four weeks) to allow OSR volunteers to germinate and be controlled
3) Established crop: Fields with OSR volunteers and erucic acid producing weed populations should be identified, as they are at higher risk
4) Harvest: Poor segregation of crops also increases risk. Double-low OSR must be segregated from HEAR OSR and weed-prone crops at all times
5) Contracts: It is essential to read and understand any contract before it is signed. Sealed and labelled representative samples of all seed should be retained in case of any dispute
The guidelines contain further information on each risk point, including examples of how risks can be mitigated.
The European Commission plans to lower the legal food standard for erucic acid to 2 per cent, which may come into force as early as autumn 2018.
With some UK OSR deliveries exceeding both the 2 and 5 per cent levels and standards set to become even tighter, the timely publication of these guidelines will help farmers meet standards, and avoid penalties and rejections.
An AHDB-funded research project, due to complete later this year, is using accepted and rejected samples from crusher intake to refine erucic acid testing methodologies and assess the influence of other crop and weed species in close proximity to a double-low crop.
A DNA test is also being developed to analyse leaf samples for genes associated with erucic acid production.
The ‘Guidelines to minimise the risk of erucic acid in double-low oilseed rape’ and further information on the research project can be accessed via cereals.ahdb.org.uk/ea
The following organisations contributed to the development of the guide:
Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB)
Agricultural Industries Confederation (AIC)
The British Society of Plant Breeders (BSPB)
The National Association of Agricultural Contractors (NAAC)
The National Farmers Union (NFU)
The Seed Crushers and Oil Processors Association (SCOPA)